beat


beat
beat1 W2S2 [bi:t] v past tense beat past participle beaten [ˈbi:tn]
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(competition/election)¦
2¦(hit)¦
3¦(hit against)¦
4¦(do better)¦
5¦(be better)¦
6¦(food)¦
7¦(control/deal with)¦
8¦(heart)¦
9¦(drums)¦
10¦(wings)¦
11 take some beating
12¦(avoid)¦
13¦(do before somebody else)¦
14 beat about/around the bush
15 beat the system
16 beat a path (to somebody's door)
17 beat a (hasty) retreat
18 beat the clock
19 (it) beats me
20 beat it!
21 can you beat that/it?
22 beat your brains out
23 if you can't beat 'em, join 'em
24 beat the rap
25 beat time
26 beat a path/track
27 to beat the band
28 beat the heat
29¦(metal)¦
30¦(hunting)¦
31 beat your breast
Phrasal verbs
 beat down
 beat off
 beat somebody/something<=>out
 beat up
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: beatan]
1.) ¦(COMPETITION/ELECTION)¦ [T]
to get the most points, votes etc in a game, race, or competition
= ↑defeat
Brazil were beaten, 2-1.
Labour easily beat the Conservatives in the last election.
beat sb at/in sth
I beat him more often at pool than he beats me.
beat sb hollow
BrE /beat the pants off sb
AmE (=defeat them easily)
2.) ¦(HIT)¦ [T]
to hit someone or something many times with your hand, a stick etc
photographs of rioters beating a policeman
He was questioned and beaten.
The woman had been beaten to death by her husband.
Two prisoners were beaten unconscious .
beat sb black and blue
(=hit someone until it makes marks on their body)
beat the living daylights out of sb
(=beat someone very hard)
3.) ¦(HIT AGAINST)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to hit against something many times or continuously
beat on/against/at etc
Waves beat against the cliffs.
rain beating on the windows
Sid beat on the door with his hand.
4.) ¦(DO BETTER)¦ [T]
to do something better, faster etc than what was best before
beat a record/score etc
The record set by Kierson in '84 has yet to be beaten.
The company's profits are unlikely to beat last year's £10 million.
See how many times you can do it in a minute, and then try to beat that amount.
5.) ¦(BE BETTER)¦ [T not in progressive]
especially spoken to be much better and more enjoyable than something else
Fresh milk beats powdered milk any time.
beat doing sth
'Well,' said Culley, 'it beats going to the office.'
You can't beat swimming as a good all-body exercise.
Nothing beats homemade cake.
you can't beat sth (for sth)
For excitement, you just can't beat college basketball.
6.) ¦(FOOD)¦ [I and T]
to mix things together quickly with a fork or special kitchen machine
Beat the eggs, then add the milk.
beat sth in
Gradually beat in the sugar.
beat sth together
Beat the butter and sugar together until fluffy.
7.) ¦(CONTROL/DEAL WITH)¦ [T]
to successfully deal with a problem that you have been struggling with
= ↑conquer
advice on how to beat depression
the government's long fight to beat inflation
8.) ¦(HEART)¦
when your heart beats, it moves in a regular ↑rhythm as it pumps your blood
The average person's heart beats 70 times a minute.
Jennifer's heart was beating fast.
9.) ¦(DRUMS)¦ [I and T]
if you beat drums, or if drums beat, they make a regular continuous sound
10.) ¦(WINGS)¦ [I and T]
if a bird beats its wings, or if its wings beat, they move up and down quickly and regularly
= ↑flap
11.) take some beating
if something or someone will take some beating, it will be difficult for anyone or anything to be or do better
Schumacher has 42 points, which will take some beating.
For ease of use, this program will take some beating.
Florida takes some beating as a vacation destination.
12.) ¦(AVOID)¦ [T]
to avoid situations in which a lot of people are trying to do something, usually by doing something early
We left at four a.m. to beat the traffic.
Shopping by mail order lets you beat the queues.
Shop now and beat the Christmas rush !
13.) ¦(DO BEFORE SOMEBODY ELSE)¦ [T] [i]informal
to get or do something before someone else, especially if you are both trying to do it first
beat sb to sth
John had beaten me to the breakfast table.
I wanted the last piece of pie, but somebody beat me to it .
They wanted to make it into a film, but another studio beat them to the punch .
14.) beat about/around the bush
to avoid or delay talking about something embarrassing or unpleasant
Don't beat around the bush. Ask for your account to be paid, and paid quickly.
15.) beat the system
to find ways of avoiding or breaking the rules of an organization, system etc, in order to achieve what you want
Accountants know a few ways to beat the system.
16.) beat a path (to sb's door) also beat down sb's door
if people beat a path to your door, they are interested in something you are selling, a service you are providing etc
The new design was supposed to have consumers beating a path to their door.
17.) beat a (hasty) retreat
to leave somewhere or stop doing something very quickly, in order to avoid a bad situation
Spicer beat a hasty retreat when he spotted me.
18.) beat the clock
to finish something very quickly, especially before a particular time
The company managed to beat the clock on delivering its new system.
19.) spoken (it) beats me
used to say that you do not know something or cannot understand or explain it
Beats me why he wants such a big car.
'What's he saying?' 'Beats me.'
20.) spoken beat it!
used to tell someone to leave at once, because they are annoying you or should not be there
21.) spoken can you beat that/it?
used to show that you are surprised or annoyed by something
They've got eight children! Can you beat that?
22.) spoken beat your brains out
to think about something very hard and for a long time
I've been beating my brains out all week trying to finish this essay.
23.) spoken if you can't beat 'em, join 'em
used when you decide to take part in something even though you disapprove of it, because everyone else is doing it and you cannot stop them
24.) beat the rap
AmE informal to avoid being punished for something you have done
25.) beat time
to make regular movements or sounds to show the speed at which music should be played
a conductor beating time with his baton
26.) beat a path/track
to make a path by walking over an area of land
27.) to beat the band
AmE informal in large amounts or with great force
It's raining to beat the band.
28.) beat the heat
AmE informal to make yourself cooler
Fresh lemonade is a great way to beat the heat.
29.) ¦(METAL)¦ also beat out [T]
to hit metal with a hammer in order to shape it or make it thinner
30.)¦(HUNTING)¦ [I and T]
to force wild birds and animals out of bushes, long grass etc so that they can be shot for sport
31.) beat your breast
literary to show clearly that you are very upset or sorry about something
→↑beaten, beating
beat down phr v
1.) if the sun beats down, it shines very brightly and the weather is hot
2.) if the rain beats down, it is raining very hard
3.) beat the door down
to hit a door so hard that it falls down
4.) beat sb down
BrE to persuade someone to reduce a price
beat somebody down to
He wanted £4500 for the car but I beat him down to £3850.
5.) beat sb<=> down
to make someone feel defeated, so they no longer respect themselves
The women seemed beaten down.
beat off phr v
1.) beat sb/sth<=> off
to succeed in defeating someone who is attacking, opposing, or competing with you
McConnell beat off a challenge for his Senate seat.
2.) AmE informal not polite if a man beats off, he ↑masturbates
beat out [beat sb/sth<=>out] phr v
1.) if a drum or something else beats out a ↑rhythm, or if you beat out a rhythm on a drum, it makes a continuous regular sound
2.) especially AmE to defeat someone in a competition
Lockheed beat out a rival company to win the contract.
beat somebody/something<=>out for
Roberts beat out Tony Gwynn for the Most Valuable Player Award.
3.) to put out a fire by hitting it many times with something such as a cloth
beat up phr v
1.) beat sb<=> up
to hurt someone badly by hitting them
Her boyfriend got drunk and beat her up.
2.) beat up on sb
AmE to hit someone and harm them, especially someone younger or weaker than yourself
3.) beat yourself up also beat up on yourself
AmE informal to blame yourself too much for something
If you do your best and you lose, you can't beat yourself up about it.
beat 2
beat2 S3 n
1.)
one of a series of regular movements or hitting actions
a heart rate of 80 beats a minute
the steady beat of the drum
2.) [singular]
a regular repeated noise
= ↑rhythm beat of
the beat of marching feet
3.)
the main ↑rhythm that a piece of music or a poem has
a song with a beat you can dance to
a poem with a very regular beat
4.) [singular]
a subject or area of a city that someone is responsible for as their job
journalists covering the Washington beat
on the beat
People like to see police officers on the beat.
5.)
one of the notes in a piece of music that sounds stronger than the other notes
beat 3
beat3 adj [not before noun]
informal very tired
I'm beat.
Come and sit down, you must be dead beat .

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

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